What your nonprofit organization can do depends on where it gets its money. So says Jon Pratt, executive director of the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits, in a classic article in the Nonprofit Quarterly.
“The way an organization handles decisions about funding sources sets in motion an ongoing chain of consequences, further decisions and compromises about what the organization will and will not agree to do.”
How Reliable is Your Funding?
Pratt tells us that generally you can judge how reliable your funding is by determining where it’s coming from.
High reliability: United Way support, rental income, advertising, small-medium sized individual contributions, endowments, memberships.
Medium reliability: Ongoing government contracts, third-party reimbursements, major individual contributions, fees for services, corporate charitable contributions.
Low reliability: Government project grants, foundation grants, corporate sponsorships.
Unfortunately, in my experience, small nonprofits depend mostly on low-to-medium reliability funders. That’s why so many of us are constantly scrambling for new grants and contracts…even if it hurts our existing programs.
How Much Freedom Does Your Funding Give You?
You can also judge how much freedom of action your funders are likely to give you.
High autonomy: small-medium sized individual contributions, endowment, memberships, fees for services, foundation operating grants.
Medium autonomy: major individual contributions, corporate charitable contributions,
Low autonomy: Third party reimbursements, government project grants, ongoing government contracts, foundation project grants, United Way support.
One Key Takeaway:
Individual contributions are highly reliable AND they provide a high degree of autonomy. They’re the best of both worlds.
Nonprofits should be spending more time and money cultivating individual donors. That means we need to invest more in communications with our supporters: in person, by mail, by email, and through social media.